Small Size League (SSL)
RoboCup is a competition domain designed to advance robotics and AI research through a friendly competition. Small Size robot soccer is one of the RoboCup league divisions. Small Size robot soccer, or F180 as it is otherwise known, focuses on the problem of intelligent multi-agent cooperation and control in a highly dynamic environment with a hybrid centralized/distributed system.
A Small Size robot soccer game takes place between two teams of six robots each. Each robot must conform to the dimensions as specified in the F180 rules: The robot must fit within an 180mm diameter circle and must be no higher than 15cm. The robots play soccer with an orange golf ball on a green carpeted field that is 6.05m long by 4.05m wide.
All objects on the field are tracked by a standardized vision system that processes the data provided by two cameras that are attached to a camera bar located 4m above the playing surface. The vision system – called SSL-Vision – is an open source project maintained by the league’s community.
Off-field computers are used to communicate referee commands and position information to the robots. Typically, these computers also perform most, if not all, of the processing required for coordination and control of the robots. Communications is wireless and typically uses dedicated commercial FM transmitter/receiver units.
Building a successful team requires clever design, implementation and integration of many hardware and software sub-components into a robustly functioning whole making Small Size robot soccer a very interesting and challenging domain for research and education.